Many Japanese universities have adopted English listening classes in their curricula. The goal of this study is to explore the mechanisms involved in general English as well as scientific English listening ability. This research examines the nature of English listening, and the problems associated with testing it, with emphasis on complex issues relevant to scientific 1- English listening. As a pilot investigation, an audio-visual teaching method which consists of three levels (pre-intermediate, intermediate, and advanced) will be utilized. In order to elucidate the progress of students’ English listening ability, teachers will focus on the statistical analysis of several follow-up questionnaire surveys among the first to the third grade students. In this study, some previous surveys and theories will be reviewed, and criteria for evaluating English listening ability will be discussed. Finally based on the clarified criteria, the advantage and disadvantage of the most commonly utilized teaching and testing methods will be examined. In the light of the available evidences, practical suggestions for teaching English listening will be provided.2- Raynaud’s phenomenon is a rare disorder that affects the arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to different parts of the body. Raynaud’s sometimes is called a disease, syndrome, or phenomenon. The disorder is marked by brief episodes of vasospasm, which is a narrowing of the blood vessels. Vasospasm of the arteries reduces blood flow to the fingers and toes. In people who have Raynaud’s, the disorder usually affects the fingers. If one has Raynaud’s, cold temperatures or stress can trigger “Raynaud’s attacks.” During an attack, little or no blood flows to affected body parts. Evaluation of capillary finger blood flow in those suffering from Raynaud’s phenomenon by a non-invasive technique was the focus of the research.
- To explore the mechanisms involved in scientific English listening ability
- To examine the complex issues relevant to scientific English listening
- Introducing the “small group practice” plan to increase the speaking and listening ability of the students
- Research on Raynaud’s phenomenon
- Mirbod SM., Sugiura H. A noninvasive technique for the evaluation of capillary blood flow in subjects with Raynaud’s phenomenon. (2016) Submitted for publication.
- Inaba R., Okumura M., Mirbod SM., Subjective symptoms of female workers sorting goods in summer, Industrial Health, 49(4):4, 64-74 (2011).
- Inaba R., Mirbod SM., Subjective musculoskeletal symptoms in winter and summer among indoor working construction electricians, Industrial Health. 48(1), 29-37 (2010).
- Inaba R., Kurokawa J., Mirbod SM., Comparison of subjective symptoms and cold prevention measures in winter between traffic control workers and construction workers in Japan, Industrial Health, 47(3), 283-91 (2009).
- Inaba R., Mirbod SM., Comparison of subjective symptoms and hot prevention measures in summer between traffic control workers and construction workers in Japan, Industrial Health, 45(1), 91-9 (2007).